December 1, 2023

“After the astounding collapse of the Arab armies in 1967, Israel developed a conception that Arabs couldn’t battle, with out imagining they may get higher,” stated Gershom Gorenberg, an Israeli historian. “So Israel was shocked by the 1973 assault,” simply because it was shocked on Oct. 7 by Hamas.

“There was the preconception that we might seal off Gaza, that the measures we took would sufficiently forestall weaponry getting in,” he stated. “However the issue with a technical repair to a serious navy drawback is that the opposite aspect adapts.”

When Hamas was capturing rockets, Israel discovered how one can shoot most of them down. When Hamas targeting constructing tunnels, Israel developed technique of discovering and destroying them, and it assumed the issue was sufficiently solved. “However we didn’t take into consideration Hamas attacking the cameras or utilizing cling gliders,” Mr. Gorenberg stated.

With Israeli navy credibility all of the sudden questioned, issues have emerged about what capacities Iran has offered Hezbollah in southern Lebanon that the Israelis have did not think about.

Mr. Netanyahu has received reward for his outreach to the Arab world that shares Israel’s deep issues about Iran — its nuclear program, its sponsorship of terrorist teams like Hamas and Hezbollah and its ambitions to be a hegemon within the area.

With the assist and mediation of the US, Mr. Netanyahu signed the Abraham Accords in 2020 with Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates, normalizing relations. Morocco and Sudan later signed, too.

Extra ambitiously, Israel and the US have been negotiating with Saudi Arabia, the important thing Arab nation, for normalization with Israel in return for a mutual-defense treaty with Washington and a few help on civilian nuclear expertise.

However what the Palestinians would get in return has by no means been clear. There was an assumption in Israel that these Arab states now acknowledged Israel as an ineradicable reality within the area and a supply of enterprise, expertise and commerce, and that they not regarded the plight of the Palestinians as a serious impediment.

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