It’s why Sepp Blatter, then the president of FIFA, recommended in 2004 that ladies soccer gamers ought to put on “tighter shorts” and why there was a quick second in 2011 when the AIBA, the boxing affiliation, recommended that feminine boxers compete in … skirts.
Although each of these concepts had been rejected pretty shortly, it’s nonetheless true, Ms. Fleshman wrote, that “uniform tips mandating uncovered pores and skin and ‘formfitting’ silhouettes for just one gender have been coded into rule books throughout many sports activities. In others they’ve been internalized as symbols of professionalism by the ladies themselves.” Should you develop up watching champions in buns (or “runderwear”), you suppose champions put on buns. Should you watch winners in attire, you suppose winners put on attire.
“It’s known as ‘the athletic-feminine id paradox,’” Ms. Howard mentioned.
And it exists, Ms. Fleshman mentioned, “till somebody asks to vary it.” Till somebody says, successfully, “Wait — why are we doing it this manner?”
Wait. Why Are We Doing It This Manner?
Wait, why are athletes carrying white shorts and questioning if spectators can inform they’re menstruating as a substitute of specializing in doing their job? Wait, why do subject hockey gamers follow in shorts and compete in skorts (and, for that matter, put on low-cut compression tops that exhibit their cleavage each time they bend over)? Wait, why do males run in shorts and play volleyball in shorts and girls do it in tiny bottoms that make them fear about cellulite and bulges and displaying their stomachs? Wait, why are the armholes of basketball jerseys so monumental that they act like home windows to the sports activities bra? Wait, why is the default garment the smallest garment versus probably the most impartial garment?
Garments are to a sure extent a type of encoded messaging between head and physique. Put merely, they make you are feeling a sure method about your self, and that influences the way you act and carry out. Or so discovered Hajo Adam, an organizational psychologist on the College of Tub in England, and Adam D. Galinsky of their 2012 paper, “Enclothed Cognition,” which appeared on the impact white lab coats have on the wearers. Primarily, individuals in lab coats behaved extra like docs and paid extra consideration — as a result of they dressed like docs, which made them really feel extra like docs.
The identical impact is true for athletes. Simply as garments, probably the most intimate of instruments, could make you carry out higher, they will have the other impact. Ms. Howard started learning the connection between sports activities uniforms and the speed of ladies dropping out of sports activities as a part of her undergraduate dissertation at Durham College, and earlier this yr printed her findings in a report entitled “Practical, Professional or Patriarchal?” which included the startling information level that 70 p.c of ladies who dropped out of sports activities dropped out due to uniform and physique picture issues. She known as it her “aha” second.